Psychology as a Field of Study
Psychology is a relatively recent discipline, arising from pioneering work carried out by the American philosopher and psychologist, William James (1842-1910). Depth forms of therapy, sometimes known as psychodynamic therapy, consider past events in a person’s life from a causal perspective. They rely on in-clinic experience, and the close relationship between the analyst and the analysand. Cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT) rely more on evidence-based research, and involve retraining of clients’ thought processes, emotions and behaviour, without the necessity to recover repressed memories from the past.